Why Not Build a 10G CWDM Network for Higher Capacity?

Although the 40G and 100G technologies develop vigorously recent years to meet the increasing need of higher capacity, they are still not widely accepted and applied due to high deploying cost. Under this case, choosing to build a 10G network is always the first choice for most users. But except upgrading our system, what else can we do when the 10G network can’t offer enough capacity? To address this issue, telcom engineers and researchers suggest that we can deploy the 10G CWDM networks. With use of CWDM optical multiplexer, this solution offers a highly cost effective method to gain more capacity on the basis of 10G network. Let’s study the benefits of 10G CWDM network and its two basic common network infrastructures in details.

What Can We Benefit from 10G CWDM Network?

In contrast to 10G DWDM network, 10G CWDM network can neither offer so high data capacity nor transmit the signals so long. But on the other hand, 10G CWDM network is an easier-to-deploy and less expensive solution that can well serve for a wide range of optical applications. Let’s study the main benefits of 10G CWDM networks.

  • It is possible to add connections for transmitting more data in 10G network, which makes the whole network load increasing from 10G to 40G or 100G possible.
  • CWDM Mux Demux is the key component of 10G CWDM network. As a passive component, it doesn’t require extra power, which is an ideal option for deploying 10G CWDM network.
  • Instead of upgrading system, deploying 10G CWDM network to get more capacity can saves a lot of money due to the economical 10G hardware and cheap passive CWDM Mux Demux.

Understanding Common 10G CWDM Network Infrastructures

10G CWDM system is a passive optical network, which supports 10G transmission with any protocol over the optical link, as long as the 10G signals are at the specific CWDM wavelengths. At present, there are two common CWDM network infrastructures. One is 10G CWDM point-to-point network, and the other is 10G CWDM ring network. The following will introduce the two common infrastructures in details.

10G CWDM Point-to-Point Network: it is the simplest network infrastructure of the CWDM networks. As shown in the following figure, there are two passive CWDM Mux Demux deployed in the 10G network that offers 8 channels to multiplex the signals from 8 different optical fiber link into an integrated signal. Thereby, the signal can be transmit through only one fiber, which means there are 7 virtual fiber created with higher capacity for transmitting more data. As for the cheap passive CWDM Mux Demux, it can be available at very good price that costs less than upgrading the system from 10G to 40G or 100G. Undoubtedly, deploying a 10G CWDM point-to-point network is very economical solution for higher capacity.

10G CWDM Point-to-Point Network with CWDM Mux Demux

10G CWDM Ring Network: it is deployed on the basis of 10G CWDM point-to-point network. Compared to point-to-point network, the ring network is much more complex that needs other optical CWDM components like CWDM OADM. By adding CWDM OADM, two or more point-to-point network can be connected together, which can finally achieve a 10G CWDM ring network. To better understand how does the 10G CWDM ring network work, here offer a figure that shows four buildings are connected by several 8 channels CWDM Mux Demux and CWDM OADM for your reference.

10G CWDM Ring Network with CWDM Mux Demux


Unlike upgrading the network from 10G to 40G or 100G, building a 10G CWDM network doesn’t requires changing all the network equipment which may cost highly. It only need CWDM transceiver and CWDM Mux Demux to be deployed in the original 10G network. For a complex 10G CWDM network, additional optical equipment like CWDM OADM are required. If you come across the capacity-hungry issue, building a 10G CWDM network would be a nice option for higher capacity.


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